Three core ideas lie at the centre of psychoanalytic thought.
The first is that, as infants, we develop best in an environment of love and fun. Second that our internal worlds are formed in early childhood and have an enduring influence on our relationships throughout our lives. And third, that much of the suffering in this world can be traced to neglect and abuse in childhood.
Psychoanalysts since Freud have passionately believed that these ideas have the power to change our lives and reshape our world.
Now neuroscience and biochemistry are showing that, on these key ideas at least, Freud was right. Continue reading
Paranoid personality disorder and narcissistic personality disorder are two of a range of personality disorders classified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association.
Personality disorders are mental disorders that are characterized by long-lasting rigid patterns of thought and behaviour.
Paranoid personality disorder is characterised by pathological suspicion and an obsession with defending against enemies, both real and imaginary.
People with narcissistic personality disorder exhibit a grandiose sense of self-importance, an exhibitionistic need for constant admiration, and relationships marked by the exploitation of others.
These disorders often occur together in a single individual; a single person can exhibit both pathological paranoia and pathological narcissism. Continue reading